HD KSOE hydrogen carrier

Japanese shipping conglomerate Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) has signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Australian energy company Woodside Energy (Woodside), and the two South Korean based HD Korea Shipbuilding and Offshore Engineering (HD KSOE) and shipping company Hyundai Glovis (Hyundai Glovis), to jointly study the development of shipping solutions to enable bulk marine transportation of liquid hydrogen.

In this project the companies will study the technology, safety, construction, operation, and economics of a hydrogen carrier with 80,000 m3 tank capacity, with the aim of establishing a liquefied hydrogen supply chain in Asia and other regions.

If a project results from the MoU, the parties’ aspiration is to have the vessel built and in operation by 2030, and the liquefied hydrogen carrier would under its concept design use hydrogen as its main fuel, which is anticipated to significantly reduce CO2 emissions during operation.

Liquefied hydrogen takes up about 1/800th the volume of hydrogen gas and since hydrogen is a lower-carbon energy source same is attracting a great deal of attention as the world seeks to move toward decarbonization, with the result that the demand for the transport of liquefied hydrogen is expected to rise in the coming decades.

MOL informs that while liquefied hydrogen is non-toxic and can be transported safely and efficiently, it must be cooled to -253°C, which requires advanced technology.

Woodside, HD KSOE, and Hyundai Glovis have evaluated MOL’s expertise gained through decades of experience in transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) and its various efforts to address decarbonization issues, and approached the company to cooperate in this study, leading to the conclusion of the MoU.

MOL states that if a project results from the MoU, Woodside as an energy company would be responsible for producing hydrogen and storing it at loading and discharging ports, HD KSOE would design and build the vessel, and Hyundai Glovis and MOL would be responsible for providing ship operational input into the vessel design, including logistics, propulsion, storage and cargo handling.